About Hawaii

“Ka Pae `Aina O Hawai`i Nei (the Hawaiian Archipelago) comprises 132 islands, reefs and shoals, stretching 1,523 miles (2,451 kilometers) southeast to northwest across the Tropic of Cancer between 154 40′ to 178 25′ W longitude and 18 54′ to 28 15′ N latitude, consisting approximately of a total land area of 6,425 square miles (16,642 square kilometers), including 1 percent of less than six square miles of land area made up of islands off the shores of the main islands and the Northwestern Hawaiian Islands, from Kure Atoll in the North to Nihoa in the South, also Palmyra Island, Midway and Wake Islands, and all Lands that have resided with the Kanaka Maoli since time immemorial.

The Hawaiian Islands form an Archipelago, which extends over a vast area of the Pacific Ocean, possessing a 12 mile Territorial Sea, and the 200 mile Exclusive Economic Zone, in accordance with generally recognized standards of international law.”


Ni`ihau, Kaua`i, O`ahu, Moloka`i, Lanai, Kaho`olawe, Maui, and Hawai`i
are the main inhabited islands of the Hawaiian Archipelago, shown from nearest to farthest.


  • Name: Hawaii, Mokuʻāina o Hawaiʻi (Hawaiian)

  • Language: Hawaiian, English,

  • Population: 1,420,491

  • Location: Mid-Pacific Ocean

Hawaii Movement

The Hawaiian sovereignty movement (Hawaiian: ke ea Hawaiʻi) is a grassroots political movement seeking greater autunomy, independence and self-governence of the Hawaiian Islands. After the illegal overthrow of Queen Lili’uokalani in 1898, the United States has engaged in a prolongued military occupation of the islands. Some members of the movement seek redress for lands taken, while proposals to return Hawaii to a Kingdom by reinstating the monarchy also exist. In 1993 the United States Congress passad a resolution apologizing for the annexation of the islands, while also recognizing it was an illegal act.

Sovereignty advocates have attributed problems plaguing native communities including homelessness, poverty, economic marginalization, and the erosion of native traditions to the lack of native governance and political self-determination. They have pursued their agenda through educational initiatives and legislative actions. Along with protests throughout the islands, at the capitol itself as well as the places and locations held as sacred to Hawaiian culture, sovereignty activists have challenged United States forces and law.


The inverted Hawaiian State flag indicates the Hawaiian Kingdom in distress and symbolizes the Hawaiian sovereignty movement.
The Kanaka Maoli flag represents Native Hawaiians and is said to be the flag King Kamehameha used in the unification of the islands.